Category Archives: Does God Exist

Is God Way Up There?

About the Arguments in the animation

It’s difficult to put the arguments for God into two minutes, partly because there are many, and they become more convincing the more arguments there are that seem to point to God’s existence. But here is a more full explanation of the arguments the animation reflects.

Are scientists decided on ‘What made what went bang’?

The Big Bang brought scientific thought into agreement with Christianity that the universe started at a point in time and developed in complexity. Various scientists and mathematicians have tried to work out models of how the time-space universe could have started itself, or how the world itself could have been eternal. Some have suggested it is expanding and collapsing again and again into infinity, but this idea has been largely disregarded. Stephen Hawkings, in his more recent book, Grand Design, talks about the beginning of time being like the South pole with no starting point, nothing further ‘South’. Whether he can really prove that time is like this, is another matter, but it almost seems like he, himself, does not think so, as later in the book, he talks about the law of gravity and a fluctuation of energy in a vacuum being what enables the universe to start from nothing. But surely energy and the physical laws he talks about are not ‘nothing’. Why are they there and where does this energy come from?

However we attempt to explain it, we are faced with the question of why and how there was nothing there at all, and then something appeared. Whatever we say made the first thing appear, then makes us ask what made that appear – unless it is an entity or being with some kind of eternal quality. This certainly seems to point to God’s existence. This is how the Bible has described God for thousands of years – as The Beginning and End, a being outside of (the creator of) the laws of nature and our universe. This seems logical and plausible, compared to some other creation myths of creatures vomiting up the world, for example.

William Lane Craig is one philosopher who puts forward this argument for God. He goes on to argue that this eternal ‘thing’ must have the quality of mind and person, because how else would an eternal cause of the universe go ahead and act to create the universe rather than this action having already eternally happened, if this eternal ‘thing’ were some kind of impersonal mechanism.

He also argues that the chances of the conditions being right for the universe as it is to form have been calculated to be so unimaginably small it is almost not worth considering that chance caused it, or at least it is far harder to believe than that God created it (given other evidence for God especially). Additionally, as Oxford Mathematics Professor John Lennox suggests, there has not been enough time for the universe to evolve in such complexity through chance processes alone, it seems to have been directed in a certain direction.

If these things were the only evidence for God they might be convincing but more convincing is that these suggest something like God exists, and this is a God who there is evidence of throughout human experience as well – the Bible puts forward Jesus as one of the most central pieces of that evidence.

A man can’t be God or rise from the dead.

I think, certainly in the West, we are inclined to start with the assumption that anything supernatural is illogical or unscientific and that belief in miracles is naive. This is not helped by the popular idea that the definition of the word ‘faith’ is ‘without evidence’ (although in the examples in the Bible, faith is always trusting in something you have previously seen to be trustworthy – i.e. it relies on evidence).

So the idea that God could communicate with us in becoming a person, live a perfect life and rise from the dead to prove it sounds unlikely to our minds. But if you suspend your pre-judgements and ask the question without any pre-assumptions and bias, on a purely logical level, it is hard to explain the person of Jesus any other way. He made claims that only a madman or evil con artist would make (unless they were true). But he certainly didn’t act like he was delusional or irrational. He showed wisdom in being able to silence his opponents in debate, and he taught and modelled ethics ahead of his time in accepting the outcasts of society and modelling humble leadership etc.

Let’s imagine we ask the question, without any bias, purely looking at the evidence: ‘Could there be a supernatural dimension, or God?’, or ‘Is the world purely physical?’ and then ask ‘Is there any evidence of a supernatural reality?’. We would first need to ask people with personal experience who claim that there is, who we personally trust, or research famous examples, and decide whether their claims seem convincing. This is another discussion there is not room for here. Secondly you need to look at the best evidence Theists claim in history.

If we think about what kind of evidence God would have to give to be considered good enough evidence of his existence, it would have to be something supernatural, something humanly impossible, that does not normally happen, something that shows control over the laws of nature (to show the existence of someone with the power to create them). If God is morally perfect, it might be something that shows a prototype of how human life should be. The kind of proof would have to be something like Jesus’ life, resurrection or his miracles. We can look into the reliability of the Bible documents and the realism of the accounts etc.

One final proof is the effectiveness of belief in God or Jesus (Christianity). You can look at the accounts of many Christians throughout history whose lives have been radically transformed or reformed against all the odds by nothing except God and the teaching of the Bible. If it’s claims were a delusion it should not be so effective in producing happy, healthy people, irradiating social problems etc. Again, this is another discussion there is no room for here. There are many bad examples of those who claimed to be Christians as well. But surely you’d expect fake versions of the real thing, if it were real.

So the animation reflects some of these arguments – there are a lot more we could talk about.

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What’s the Difference Between God and Santa?

The beard, the naughty or nice list … it’s how many picture God. So is he just a made-up Santa for adults? Can we know if he really exists or what he is like?

Has science, for example the Big Bang, ruled out God, just as gravity rules out flying reindeer? The Big Bang is an explanation for how the physical world has developed from an initial ‘dense state’, but does not explain how this, or the laws of physics, started to exist. Can something physical be the cause of it all, with no need to ask what caused that? In time and space there is always a ‘before that…’. So could something outside of time and space exist, someone eternal like God? And would he care about us if he did?

What evidence would convince us that there is a creator of the laws of nature and life itself? An act that breaks these laws or creates life itself, perhaps? The Bible claims that God has given evidence, in the life and death of a person called Jesus: a life created from nothing, born from a virgin, and 33 years later, raised from death.

It sounds outrageous … We often want to dismiss anything labelled ‘miraculous’, but remember if God does exist, we’d demand something similar as proof. Is it so strange that God would communicate with us, not merely in words or information, but in the most advanced form – life itself?

But the Bible claims these events are not just evidence of God’s existence. They show that God has not abandoned the world but rolled up his sleeves and got dirty to fix it. He gave us a prototype for life: one of love and forgiveness. From the baby in an animal trough onwards, the most powerful being in the universe showed how real power is so different from how humans have exercised it.

But here is where God is most unlike Santa … He did not come to make a list of naughty or nice, but to erase our record of wrongs. As Jesus died, he chose to suffer death and hell for us, pay the penalty for our wrongs, and offer forgiveness and life after death to those who turn to him. If such good news is true, we cannot ignore it …

The Bible says we need to admit that we’ve ignored God and broken his rules. We need to say sorry and have a change of direction – with God in the picture this time. To make things right between us and God, we cannot rely on our own efforts and goodness, but we need to rely on what God has done for us through Jesus.

The Bible puts it like this … ‘For God loved the world so much that he gave his only Son so that anyone who believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. God did not send his Son into the world to condemn it, but to save it. There is no eternal doom awaiting those who trust him to save them. But those who don’t trust him have already been condemned for not believing in the one-of-a-kind Son of God. The Light from heaven came into the world, but they loved the darkness more than the Light because they were not really interested in pleasing God’ (John 3:16-19, ‘The Living Bible’ & ‘The Message’ Translation)

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